Sahiwal cattle is one of the established milch breed of tropical & sub tropical region.It is famous for resistant to ticks and other diseases, tolerant towards heat and has high producing ability under harsh environment. Keeping in view of these properties, animals of this breed has been imported by Australia , New Zealand , Kenya , China , Bangladesh and many other parts of the world for keeping as pure and cross breed According to Punjab Livestock Census 2000, about 0.35 million heads of Sahiwal cattle are available in the province, mainly concentrated districts are Jhang Muzaffargarh, Okara, Faisalabad , Sahiwal, Khanewal and Toba Tek Singh. The purebred population is decreasing over the years due to change in agriculture system and crossbreeding. If this decline continues, the breed will reach to such a low number that its genetic basis will be too narrow for any significant improvement. In the past, genetic trend remained static because of high rate of inbreeding in govt. herds/farm. This inbreeding can be avoided by broadening the base of recorded population.
Due to its utmost importance and unique characteristics, it needs conservation as a pure breed.
Best way to conserve this breed is to be keep it commercially fit under existing circumstances. Traits of commercial value such as milk yield needs genetic improvement. Increase in the milk & meat production by improving its production potential will not only enhance the socio-economic conditions of our farming community but it will also go a long way in bridging the gap of supply and demand of animal protein in the country. Getting of proprietary rights of the valuable animals will also be required under coming WTO scenario. For Sahiwal cattle breeding, initially an area of 4190 acres was leased out to Sardar Jahangirabad Khan during 1915.
Then Allah Dad and Datar Singh cattle farms were established during 1917 and 1920 in district Khanewal and Sahiwal, respectively. Sahiwal cattle improvement scheme was launched in 1938 which later on started at Bahadurnagar, district Okara in 1962 then Sahiwal cattle were shifted to Fazilpur, district Rajanpur during 1973.Livestock Experiment Station was established in 1980 at Khizarabad district Sargodha and progeny testing programme started at Livestock Production Research Institute, Bahadurnagar, Okara in 1984.
An international study on Sahiwal cattle was conducted in 1998.Research Centre for Conservation of Sahiwal Cattle (RCCSC) was established at Jahangirabad (Khanewal) during 2003-04. The Head Quarter of RCCSC then shifted to Jhang in 2005 which is centrally located district of the Punjab with the objective to conserve the Sahiwal breed through genetic improvement and management. Livestock Experiment Station, Jahangirabad district Khanewal remained under the administrative control of this centre as a research station. After achieving the targets, development phase was converted to non development budget during 2008-09.
RCCSC development Phase-II has also been started for the duration of three years (2008-09) by including 15 more districts in the Punjab with the registration target of 5,000 cows.
1) Maintenance of nucleus herd of superior germ plasm of Sahiwal cattle
2) Registration and documentation of institutional and private Sahiwal
3) Performance recording for genetic evaluation and herd management
4) Identification of superior germ plasm
5) Publishing and dissemination of sire/cow summaries
6) Conducting research on conservation and genetics
7) Collaboration with national and international institutions involved in
breed development programmes